Burdur is a charming city of Anatolia with its thousands of years of history, untouched natural beauty and colorful culture. Burdur in the Western Mediterranean Region, known as the Cultural Capital of the Teke Region, is known as the Land of the Lakes, the Roses and the Hearts.
Our province is surrounded by Antalya in the east and south, Denizli in the west, Muğla in the southwest, Afyon and Isparta provinces in the north. It is the intersection point of the neighboring provinces’ highways connections. It is also located on the Ankara – Antalya highway.
The arrival of the Turks in the Burdur Region, which was called Pisidia in antiquity, is based on 1071 Malazgirt Victory. The Burdur lands of today were joined by the Ottoman Empire in 1391, and Burdur Sanjak was established in 1872. Burdur was the center of the province with the Republic.
BURDUR NAME (BURDADUR)
When the members of the Kinali tribe from the Turkmen tribes found the city of Burdur, found the place of the region, “Heaven is here. Stop here!” And they said, “Stop here!” The word “Burdur” has turned into a public.
In ancient Greek mythology, the hero Ulis (Achilles) undergoes the wrath of the gods. He’s fired from Greece. The road drops near Antalya. Looking at the polar star at night, he moves north. He comes across a lake and he listens to a voice by the Greek and the ancient Latin “Ezostas! (Stop here!)” He cries.
Ulis stops here and keeps the house here. Seljuks conquer Burdur during the conquest of Anatolia. They learn the name of the village as “Ezostas”. Because they do not speak Greek, they ask for their meaning. They know that means “stop here.” The Turkmen tribes settled here began to pronounce the word “stop here” in time as “Burdur” and this word became the new name of the city.
The ancient city of Pisidia is found in the ancient city of Burdur, with Isauria in the antiquity, from the east with Lykaonia, from Pamphylia to the south, from Lycia and Caria to the west from Firigya and Galatia from the west.
The prehistoric history of Burdur dates back to the paleolithic ages. Then, respectively, Neolithic (8000 – 5500) Chalcolithic (5500 – 3200) concrete finds belonging to the age of the Hacılar and Kuruçay excavations revealed. 7000 years of “Keramiksiz Neolithic” on the stage of IX – IV as the floors specified and BC. “Late Neolithic” phases dating to 5,400 years were identified.
The great change, which means that human beings are connected to a certain place by moving from hunter-gatherer to earth-based production; one of the most important archaeological centers where the necessary steps can be followed up to civilization, such as the domestication of animals, the establishment of villages and the study of pottery. The human face pottery painted with the goddess figurines of the pilgrims has an important place in world archeology. Stone, bone, tree and baked soil, as well as the mine began to be used in the Chalcolithic Age ruins in Burdur Hacılar, Kuruçay, Gebrem, Beyköy, Bucak, station mounds such as mound surveys can be seen.
The finds belonging to the first Bronze Age (approximately 3,000 – 2,500), where the artifacts started to be made from mines such as copper, lead, tin, silver, gold, bronze and electron, were found in Hacilar Büyük Höyük, Yazır, Yarıköy, Çamur, Hasanpaşa, Harmankaya, Alan, Beyköy in Burdur. It is found in many mounds. In this period, the vessels were made in hand; At the end of the age, geometric ornamented and painted pottery was started to be produced.
B.C. The history of Burdur at the beginning of 2 thousand years is quite dark. B.C. When the Hittite Age began in the 17th century, Pisidia, Pamphylia and Lycia were dominated by the Arzava Kingdom. The Phrygian artifacts found in the vicinity of Yarışlı Lake (Düğer) and Uylupınar later revealed the Phrygians living in this region.
B.C. In the 7th century, Pisidia came under the rule of Lydia together with the Phrygian state. After the defeat of the Persian king Kyros to the Persian king in 1906, the region entered into Persian hegemony. B.C. When Alexander the Great entered Anatolia from Çanakkale in 334, Caria entered the Pisidian valley from the Kestros (Aksu) Valley by crushing the Lycian and Pamphylia forces. In 333, he also captured Sagalassos and Kremna. After the death of Alexander, Pisidia was first connected to the Seleucids (301 BC) and then to the Kingdom of Pergamum (228 BC) and under Roman rule. There is an intense settlement all over Pisidia in the Roman period.
Many new cities were established and the old centers were restored. Today, almost all of the ruins found within the boundaries of Burdur architectural remains of this age are seen. Kremna, Komama (creepy), Olbasa (Belenli) and Sagalassos are the most important ones.
When the Roman Empire was divided into two, Pisidia was captured by the Byzantine Empire and the important centers of the region gradually fell and lost their old values. This is the dull era, M.S. XI. YY. end d