Çankırı History

Çankırı  History

In recent years, especially in the Çorakyerleri (Elekçiardı) site which is connected to the center, Çankırı’s prehistoric period is still dark. Nevertheless, it is known that the first people of the region are the peoples of Asia Minor such as Hatti, Luvis and Arzavalilar.


Initial Placements and Beginning of Written History

Historians, BC. In the 2000s, Assyrian merchants who came from Mesopotamia to Anatolia to sell goods to Anatolia, Egypt and Mesopotamia, BC. They acknowledge that they have known the ıcı writing kabul since the 3200s, and that this is also the beginning of the written history for Anatolia.

Especially in Kültepe and Kayseri, it is possible to obtain important data about the people living in Anatolia. Kiltepe tablets or Cappadocia tablets, known as tablets in the analysis of the language, some names and names of people in Central Anatolia were found.

For example, in these tablets, it is recorded that there is an ethnic group called Protohatti, who speaks Hatti and lives in this region.

Although it is not known exactly where and when the Hattiler came from, it is revealed that they live in this period and in this region.

From the same tablet, it is understood that the Hattiles were located in the Kızılırmak region (Marassantiya) in Central Anatolia and another group, Hurriler, settled in Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia and the Luwians settled in the south and southwest Anatolia.

First City States in Anatolia

BC At the end of the Early Bronze Age, which started in the 3000s, a number of urban states emerged in Anatolia during the Assyrian Trade Colonies Period due to the increasing economic power as a result of the development of commercial relations.

The districts of the city in question were bordered by the Pontic region from the north, the south of the Tuz Lake and the Kızılırmak spring.

The colonies of the Assyrian merchants in Anatolia, these colonies of the city-states, led to the formation of cities around the city. Zalpa, Hattuş and Kaniş were the most important cities in the Assyrian tablets.

These forms of governance of the city-states governed by the councils chaired by a gentleman or prince, later transformed into a unity of cities united by a number of city-states. For this reason, the sovereignty of the king gathered under the title took the king.

The beginning of the Late Bronze Age was the period when these small city states in Anatolia began to unite under the rule of a kingdom. BC In the 1800s, the King of Kussara, Anita, seized Hattuş and Nesa (Kaniş) cities and began to establish his sovereignty in Central Anatolia.


The hittites, who believed to be of Indo-european origin and spoke in the language of nesa It is estimated that in the 2000s it was related to Kussarali, an Anatolian urban state.

Although there were no written documents and archaeological evidence on the origin of the hittites, it was found out that they were from the caucasus or the balkans, and their languages ​​were in a dialect close to the kussara people.

Salman Höyük was found at the intersection of nankırı and çerkeş-tosya roads. According to İsmail Kılıç Kökten, the finds in the mound were more similar to the fire-painted copper pottery of the forest nature rather than the pots describing the step quality of Anatolia. This information also shows that the Early Bronze Age finds were found on the mound.

In 1955, however, C.A. Burney conducted researches in the same area, and found that the finds at salman höyük were from the middle and late bronze Ages. Among these finds were grayish-white, burnished, lined pottery.


BC XVII. Labarnas was the king of the Hittites in the early part of the century. After Labarnas, respectively I. Hattusil (Labarnas II) and I. Mursil (1620-1590 BC) took the throne.

Tiliuara is one of the most important settlement centers of the vicinity of the Devrez Stream (Kummesmaha). This city has not been discovered, but is thought to have been found near Karacaviran-Kursunlu.



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