Muğla

History of Mugla It dates back to 3000 years. In the early ages, the Carianis were named Caria because of this settlement. The known history of the province starts with the Hittites. The Hittites called this region Lugga. After the collapse of the empire, the Phrygians became dominant, then the Lydians captured the region, while the Dorians and the Ions migrated to the region. Area BC Persians, 546 BC, BC. In 334 BC (Halikarnassos / Bodrum and surrounding area), the King of Macedonia, Alexander the Great, BC. 189 of the Kingdom of Pergamum, BC. The Roman Empire in 133, the division of Rome, the Roman Empire was under the domination. It was realized in 1284 by Menteşe Bey from Uç Bey.

In 1391, Yildirim Beyazit joined the Ottoman lands, under the rule of Timur in 1402, Timur gave this region back to Mentese Principality, then in 1425, during the reign of Murat II, Mentese Region was completely dominated by the Ottoman Empire. At the time of Menteşe sons, they came to Greece, Muğla coasts and islands, and they took their sovereignty over the island of Rhodes for a while. During this period, the Knights of Sait Jean settled on the island of Rhodes, fought against the Ottomans and Menteşe sons, and they kept the castle of Bodrum for a while. However, in 1522 by Süleyman the Magnificent, both Rhodes Island and Bodrum Castle joined the Ottoman Empire. Muğla became the center of the Ottoman Empire.

There are various rumors about the name of bulunur Muğla “. According to the most common rumor, the name of the province, the Seljuk Sultan of the commanders of the “Mughal” comes from the name of the Beyi. This is probably the name of this commander was conquered by the Muğla conquest, and “Muğlu” was transformed into Muğla over time. 1889 The name ağ Mobella dır found in the province of Aydın is the name of the city in the Middle Ages.

During the War of Independence, Italy, which started its occupation in Muğla and its region from 11 May 1919, had to negotiate and deal with the national forces that sprouted in the south of Menderes. Italy, Yörük Ali Efe’nin from Muğla, Demirci Mehmet Efe’ın Nazilli directed by the national resistance to the work could not afford an armed conflict. The telegraph from Izmir came from Izmir to organize rallies in order to organize and resist the rallies. Following the resolutions, resistance committees such as Homeland Defense Association, Serdengeçtiler Detachment and Muğla Kuvayi Millî were established. He made his part in the national struggle with 6 MPs in the 1st term opened in Ankara in 1920 and sent his hearts to the Aydın fronts against the Greeks in the resistance groups he formed. Volunteers who joined the remaining ones in the Aegean 57. They caused heavy losses to the enemy in the Aydın collisions.

During the occupation of the Aegean province, Muğla was the province with the highest number of martyrs. The turmoil of the domestic situation, the Greeks and the occupation of the Italian sovereignty based on the idea of ​​the Italian policy of the people of Muğla during the occupation cunningly evaluated, free from being caught between the two flames. Realizing that the situation in Anatolia was worsening, Italy left Mugla on 5 July 1921, claiming its internal political fluctuations after winning the 2nd Inönü Victory. Muğla has gained its freedom.

Before Turkish Sovereignty

Muğla, one of the oldest settlements in the ancient Caria Region, remained under the rule of Caria, Egypt, Scythian, Assyrian, Doric, Persian, Macedonian, Roman and Byzantine respectively. The ancient name of the province of Muğla, which had entered Turkish domination in 1284, is referred to as inin Mobella, Mobolia, Moğola ğ in various findings and sources.
B.C. In the beginning of the people who came to the region in 3400, there was a leader named “Snow 34. For this reason, the region started to be called m Caria Bu. Karya is surrounded by Lydia from the north, Phrygia from the west and Lycia from the south. These boundaries start from the north of Söke, Aydın and Nazilli and ends in the south where the Dalaman River falls. These borders are very close to the present borders of our region

Caria’s mass settlements are Muğla and Milas.

In this age, the Carian region is the scene of Greek colonial waves from the Aegean Sea. At the end of the first colonial wave, Datça consists of the settlements of Bodrum with the upper and lower Knidos. There is no city created by the second wave of colonialism. The settlements that occurred at the end of the third colonial wave are: Dalaman (Daldala), Fethiye (Telmessos, Tlos, Xhantos-Kınık, Patara-Minare, Tlos-Eşen) Stratoneika-Eskihisar, Nakrasa-Karakuyu and Akassos-Bozüyük.

B.C. In the 1800-1200 period, Milas and Caria’s islands neighbors Rhodos and Kos were discovered in the areas of Mycenaean and Hittite.

B.C. In 334, Alexander the Great entered Anatolia through the Bodrum-Gumusluk gate. At the entrance of Alexander the Great to Caria, Karya Satrapi Island was taken to Alinda on the rebellion of his brother Piksodaros. Ada, Alinda Ada

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