The axis of Eurasian civilization is spreading from one end to the other, connecting the east of Europe with the east of Asia and the axis of civilizations spreading through Anatolia. This movement has always been intensively inter-communal mobility along this long eastern west axis of Eurasia. In addition to causing migrations and migration, it has also ensured that social and technical innovations have spread throughout this axis. This axis, which carries civilizations, makes Anatolia as a bridge of civilizations by concentrating (and contracting) as it passes through Anatolia. This feature has made Anatolia the cradle of civilizations since the first ages of history. For this reason, every stone of Anatolia is a place of heaven that smells history.
Malatya is one of the important crossroads of our country which brings civilizations today as it is in history. This feature made Malatya important in every period of history and always attracted attention.
Since the ancient times, Malatya is at the crossroads of Anatolia and the Middle East. The oldest transportation route in the east is the road from Erzurum to Erzurum and from there to the Caucasus. We can also call it KarasuAras. On the other hand, the road from Malatya and Diyarbakır to the Mesopotamia is important. Murat KarasuVan Lake is another important route from Malatya to east. Another important path lies in a natural corridor followed by different valleys in the area where the Taurus Mountains appear very intense between Malatya and Malatya, which are intertwined in Malatya. Another road between the mountains in the south connects Urfa to Malatya via Adıyaman
The aforementioned roads unite in Malatya and extend to the Caucasus in the north and to Çukurova Mesopotamia and Syria in the south to the Aegean coasts in the west and to Iran and far east in the east. These roads had been in operation since the time of the Emperor Sargon. It is known that the Hittites used to fight the states of Anatolia by passing through this way which is also in the time of the Hittites. Hittite King Şuppililiuma’ın passing through this path down to the lower Euphrates and Malatya in the vicinity of the Euphrates River is documented by the sources. Starting from KayseriKültepe, Gürün Darende Malatya Samsat arrived to Urfa and it is estimated that it was divided into two in Gargamis and Aleppo and the other to Nusaybin and eastward to Assyria and Babylon. The trade and cultural exchange between Mesopotamia and Anatolia through this path increased the historical and cultural importance of Malatya.
In addition to the roads used in ancient times, the construction of a new road was initiated in order to protect the borders of trade in the Roman period. Because Malatya is a major military center, the Romans spent their military and commercial roads in Malatya. This confirms the milestones on the roadside
The Roman roads of the Byzantine Empire were used for the same purpose. The Arabs benefited from the passage between Kommagene and Malatya while retreating after the raids on Byzantine lands. The Turks reached the Middle Anatolia by crossing the Euphrates River near Malatya.
It is understood from the caves located in Ansır (ice cube) and İnderesi where the preliminary history of Malatya, which is on the natural road as far as the geographical location, goes down to the Paleolithic era.
In the excavations carried out in Cafer Höyük in the Izollu area within the scope of the salvage excavations of Karakaya Dam Lake, which started in 1979, it was understood that the people of the region came out of the Paleolithic caves and started farming and animal husbandry in the plain for the first time and started their settled village life. Excavations at Cafer Höyük; In 7000, it is understood that Iskana started
Between 19791986, the excavations continued as a result of the PirotCaferhöyük small sculptures made of white limestone considered the first sculpture example of the world. It is dated to 7000. These artifacts that were brought to light after the excavation are still exhibited in Malatya museum. When we follow the chronology of history, the main ceramics of the region are single color and undercooked in dark. In addition to these ceramics, Halih type ceramic samples were imported from Hekimhan Kuyuluk Hinso and Arguvan Karahöyük; Hassuna painted ceramic samples are found in the Aslantepe Değirmentepe İsahöyük and Fırıncıhöyük. Aslantepe and Değirmentepe excavations in the region BC BC. It shows that it continued in the Chalcolithic Age between 50003000
Unregistered with stamp seals in Değirmentepe and Aslantepe, numerous stone and terracotta soil seal pressures prove that these regions are an important trade center. Trade with Northern Mesopotamia and Syria via the Euphrates River as in Anatolia
B.C. In the year 3000, ceramics in the Malatya region are usually covered with black sand mixed with fine sand. These ceramic samples; Aslantepe Hasırcı Fırıncıhöyük Karahöyük